What is Hard Water?

We have all heard people talk about hard water, but what exactly is it, and what is the difference between hard and soft water? The fact is that hard water contains high levels of calcium and magnesium. Water hardness varies from place to place but the UK, in general, is considered to have hard water.

Over 60% of people in the UK live in a hard water area. Hard water occurs in areas of the UK where the bedrock is made of sedimentary rocks like limestone, chalk, flint and sandstone.

These layers of rock have formed over 65-250 million years. In the UK, the South East is mainly made up of chalk and limestone bedrock and as a result, has the hardest water.

Hard water can be softened by adding salt. Softened water is not suitable for drinking but elsewhere in the home and garden it will greatly reduce limescale residues.

How does hard water affect us?

When we have hard water, we notice scally residue in our kettles on our showerheads and taps and we find it harder to lather soap, or shampoo.

This is because hard water has a high mineral content. It can have a very detrimental effect on a lot of things in our home making it necessary to change showers and kettles much more often.

Limescale can been inside kettles, on taps, shower heads, shower screens, flower vases and even on car paintwork when water dries.

At home when Limescale builds up in household water and heating pipes it reduces water flow and pressure. If Limescale builds up in immersion heaters it reduces the lifespan and efficiency of the heat exchanger and may result in higher energy bills.

Even softened water will still leave small limescale residue and periodic cleaning is still required.

Here at Wylye Valley Salt we have all the products you will need!